A short-term loan is a loan that is typically due within one year or less, whereas a long-term loan is a loan that has a repayment period of more than one year. Short-term loans are often used for immediate or temporary financial needs, such as working capital or to purchase inventory. They typically have higher interest rates than long-term loans, as they are considered to be a higher risk to the lender. Long-term loans, on the other hand, are often used for larger investments, such as property purchases or business expansions, and have lower interest rates. The terms and conditions of a long-term loan are also generally more flexible than those of a short-term loan, as the lender is willing to provide financing for a longer period of time.
The main terms of a loan include:
- Loan Amount: The total amount of money being borrowed.
- Interest Rate: The rate at which interest will be charged on the loan.
- Repayment Period: The length of time over which the loan will be repaid.
- Repayment Schedule: A schedule that outlines the amounts and due dates of each loan payment.
- Collateral: Any assets pledged as security for the loan.
- Purpose of Loan: The reason for which the loan is being taken.
- Default: The failure to repay the loan according to the terms agreed upon.
- Prepayment Penalty: A fee charged if the loan is paid off before the end of the loan period.
- Late Payment Penalty: A fee charged if a loan payment is made after the due date.
- Loan Documentation: The written agreement between the borrower and the lender, including all the terms and conditions of the loan.
- Lender’s Rights: The rights of the lender in case of default by the borrower.
- Borrower’s Obligations: The obligations of the borrower under the loan agreement.
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